Causes of the reign of terror

The Girondins were more conservative leaders of the National Convention, while the Montagnards supported radical violence and pressures of the lower classes. Georges Dantonthe leader of the August uprising against the kingwas removed from the committee.

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The execution of Olympe de Gougesfeminist writer close to the Girondins On 14 Frimaire 5 December was passed the Law of Frimairewhich gave the central government more control over the actions of the representatives on mission. The Reign of Terror was not driven by one man, one body or one policy; it was a child with many parents, triggered and driven by different forces and factors.

The government responded by moving most executions to the site of the former Bastille, however the sans culottes there complained that this was disrupting business, so the guillotine was moved even further east.

The Dantonists were arrested on 30 March, tried on 3 to 5 April and executed on 5 April. Terror is nothing more than speedy, severe and inflexible justice; it is thus an emanation of virtue; it is less a principle in itself, than a consequence of the general principle of democracy, applied to the most pressing needs of the patrie [homeland, fatherland] Some historians argue that such terror was a necessary reaction to the circumstances.

The leaders felt their ideal version of government was threatened from the inside and outside of France, and terror was the only way to preserve the dignity of the Republic created from French Revolution.

The excesses of the Reign of Terror combined with the decreased threat from other countries led to increased opposition to the Committee of Public Safety and to Robespierre himself. They were now to funnel unfortunate individuals, accused of the vaguest of crimes and convicted simply by administrative fiat, to a tribunal that could only acquit or punish with death… It is a commentary on the pervasive atmosphere of black suspicion that this law was seen as a solution.

The French republican calendar was adopted as part of a program of de-Christianization. The Purifying Pot of the Jacobins, a visual depiction of the Law of Suspects Those who initiated the Terror saw it as a bitter but necessary medicine, a purge of reactionary elements so the revolution could survive and remain on course.

With the enactment of the law, the number of executions greatly increased, and the period from this time to the Thermidorian Reaction became known as "The Grand Terror". This was particularly true after the Law of 22 Prairial, authored by Georges Couthon. Inchurch lands were expropriated and priests killed and forced to leave France.

Terror became the revolution, so opposing or criticising the Terror became itself a counter-revolutionary act. Under the leadership of Maximilien Robespierre, the Committee moved against the enemies, real and perceived, of the Revolution. On 13 July the assassination of Jean-Paul Marat — a Jacobin leader and journalist — resulted in a further increase in Jacobin political influence.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. On 29 September, the convention extended price fixing from grain and bread to other essential goods, and also fixed wages. According to folklore, the Terror was a brief but deadly period where Maximilien Robespierrethe Committee of Public Safety and the Revolutionary Tribunals condemned thousands of people to die under the falling blade of the guillotine.

Content on this page may not be republished or distributed without permission. Major events during the Terror[ edit ] This section needs additional citations for verification.

However, May was also marked by several conspiracies and assassination attempts, most notably against Robespierre.1. The Reign of Terror was the most violent phase of the French Revolution, a year-long period between the summers of and During this time around 50, The Reign of Terror, or The Terror (French: la Terreur), is the label given by most historians to a period during the French Revolution after the First French Republic was established.

Disunification The French Revolution split the country. Jacobins Girondists Poverty The people needed something to do, someone to blame. Robespierre was their elected leader. Counter revolutions Guillotine: Anyone who opposed the Revolution Goals: Unify the government, Strengthen the military Still.

During the Reign of Terror, 16, people lost their heads. The goal was to rid France of anyone who was against the French Revolution. Famous people who lost their lives during the Reign of Terror included Marie Antoinette, Madame Roland, Philippe Egalite and Antoine Lovoisier.

The reign of terror was a period of violence in which occurred from after the strong onset of the French Revolution.

It was a time of fierceness and anger, resulting in the deaths of thousands of people living in France at that period of time. Reign of Terror, also called The Terror, French La Terreur, the period of the French Revolution from September 5,to July 27, (9 Thermidor, year II).

Causes of the reign of terror
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