The environments included in the outer sphere are physical, institutional, cultural and social Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists, and Sumsion, For example by meeting other people with MS and doing the yoga together it would hopefully motivate them more than if they were to do the yoga on their own.
In this discussion, the CMOP was used to illustrate how changes in one aspect of the system, such as the person or their occupation, affect all other aspects.
Being part of a group would also make the occupation more meaningful. Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists.
These findings are consistent with a qualitative study by Stuifbergen and Rogers The environmental components include cultural, social, physical and institutional Sumsion and Blank, The social environment is composed of social groups such as family, co-workers and friends and their roles, as well as occupational forms such as playing cards or jogging Sumsion,Sumsion, and Kielhofner, InCohen and Fisher observed that MS fatigue ratings varied significantly as a function of the time of day.
Environments The original Model of Occupational Performance presented the cultural, physical and social environments and considered their impact on the person. The components of occupation are self-care, productivity and leisure.
The latter are implemented as we learn the rules and roles that govern behaviour Hagedorn This environment contains both people and social cues. It can bring up things the occupational therapist will need to adapt so that they can fully enable the people with MS to perform the Cmop e case study example.
The individual was in the centre of the model and therefore, by implication, was at the centre of the intervention. These findings are consistent with work reported by Kraft, Freal and Coryell This original version of the Model of Occupational Performance helped to make the theory more accessible, as it provided a background for practice.
They also expressed concerns that the model was limited, as it discussed occupational performance but not occupation. Both the components and the model as a whole are the focus of research and local and national conference presentations.
At the centre of the model is the person, keeping it client centred. Occupation is shown as a circle overlain by a triangle representing the doing physicalfeeling affective and thinking cognitive components of the person.
Applying the Canadian Model of Occupational Performance 7. Occupational therapists are familiar with the affective, physical and cognitive performance components. The model was referred to as the Canadian Occupational Performance Model but this was not an official term.
For example heat can negatively affect people with MS so it is important the OT ensures the occupation is done in a well ventilated room and preferably in the morning or the evening so that it is not in the heat of the day. Occupation Having an occupational balance of self-care, productivity and leisure occupations promotes health and well being.
The original four components — mental, physical, spiritual and sociocultural — could potentially be viewed in isolation from each other, and have therefore been developed into three components — affective, physical and cognitive — which facilitate interaction.
Colleagues in many other countries are also developing expertise in the application of both the model and the outcome measure that arose from it.
This model placed the individual in the centre of many interacting spheres. Occupational performance is the result of interaction and interdependence between person, environment and occupation Townsend The revised performance components were defined as follows: Model of Occupational Performance Historical perspective The Model of Occupational Performance forms the basis of client-centred practice in occupational therapy in Canada and increasingly in other countries.
The revised presentation is now an interactive model showing relationships between persons, environment and occupation CAOT The need for more literature related to the application of the model in settings outside of Canada was also stressed Clarke For example some religions such as Christianity are against the idea of yoga in terms of the meditation so their views will need to be respected and it would be inappropriate to suggest it as an occupation.
Current knowledge regarding activity limitations, and the association between activity limitations and fatigue, is relevant to understanding the occupational performance limitations of people with MS. Components of the model Occupation The components of occupation are self-care, productivity and leisure.
In summary, this model outlined that the goal of occupational therapy was to promote or maintain health through performance of occupational skills throughout the lifespan, and in all stages of health and illness.
The Canadian Model of Occupational Performance. Overall, this study demonstrates that the Model of Occupational Performance, as described by the Guidelines for the Client-Centred Practice ofOccupational Therapycan be used to guide analysis and understand the activity limitations experienced by people with MS in a clinically useful way.
These occupations are the focus of occupational therapy.All Case Studies Psychometric For example, the COPM has been used to structure databases tracking occupational therapy practice patterns and referral profiles. For example, how does caring for a sick parent or spouse fit into this?
And yet, this can be a primary occupation for many people. CASE STUDY: The CMOP-E in Context. Occupational Therapy fictional Case Study -Person-centred application of the OT process with a person who has Schizophrenia. Applying the Canadian Model of Occupational Performance Thelma to two case studies.
The CMOP-E attempts to address some of these concerns but there is. Case Study. Using CmopE and CCPF occupational therapy frameworks by Zainab Esau on 1 November Tweet. Comments (0) Twice a week CMOP-E linked to NZ. CMOP-E. Journal article - Self-care, For example, Murray () conducted a study of 32 patients attending the Dalhousie University MS Research Unit.Download