They told me that I needed to join the gang. The gangs kidnap people. Children from El Salvador were even more likely to have international protection needs, with 72 percent of those interviewed raising such concerns. Where the indirect pressure on individuals is so intense that it leads them to believe that they have no access to the asylum process and no practical option but to return to countries where they face serious risk Hcr 220 checkpoint payment methods presentation persecution or threats to their lives and safety, these factors in combination may constitute constructive refoulement, in violation of international law.
Three Human Rights Watch researchers interviewed a total of 61 children 49 boys and 12 girls between the ages of 11 and 17 who were refugees, asylum seekers, or migrants from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras.
Methods This report is based on field research in Mexico and Honduras between April and December All names of migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees used in this report are pseudonyms.
One day the gang came up to me near the school where I was studying. Human Rights Watch conducted multiple research missions in to examine how Mexico is applying its own and international law in its treatment of Central American migrants, particularly children.
Many more are pressured to join gangs, often under threat of harm or death to themselves or to family members. The war tax was for the bus route. Resolving claims by children requires an appreciation of child-specific bases for international protection—including, in the Central American context, the ways that children are targeted by gangs.
Particularly given the general context of insecurity, elderly caregivers and children themselves may decide that the children will be better off if they can join one or both parents or other relatives in Mexico or the United States. A fourth obstacle, perhaps the most daunting, is the practice of holding all child migrants in prison-like conditions.
When asked why they left their home, 59 percent of Salvadoran boys and 61 percent of Salvadoran girls list one of those factors as a reason for their emigration. She also has to deal with an understaffed and underfunded system for the administration of justice, tied up in procedural formalities; a system that forces her into mediation to settle her dispute, is incapable of securing the necessary medical evidence, requires witnesses, and fails to coordinate with the other institutions involved in the investigation, among other problems.
They stopped the bus. It was the morning after we arrived. One had become eligible for regularization based on a relationship to a Mexican national, although she had not yet received a residence permit at the time of our interview.
Things are really hot in the neighborhood where we live. The intimidation he faced at school was intense, and shortly after one of his classmates was killed for wearing a shirt of a color associated with a rival gang, Edgar stopped attending.
Two other children had been denied recognition as refugees and were unsuccessful on administrative review. General Directorate for Control and Verification officials did not reply to requests in writing for meetings made in February and Marchand declined email requests in Novemberciting scheduling conflicts.
We spoke with 61 migrant children, more than adults, and representatives of UNHCR and nongovernmental organizations. We saw some good practices by Mexican officials. Three of the children who traveled to Mexico alone told us that they were hoping to reunite with mothers, fathers, or siblings because their grandparents or other elderly caregivers were no longer able to care for them.
This would necessarily occur prior to the time at which his refugee status is formally determined. As used in this report, a person who has a well-founded fear of persecution because of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, who is outside of the country of nationality and is unable or unwilling, because of that fear, to return the standard in the Refugee Convention and its Protocol or have fled his or her country because his or her life, safety, or freedom has been threatened by generalized violence, foreign aggression, internal conflicts, massive violation of human rights or other circumstances which have seriously disturbed public order the standard in the Cartagena Declaration on Refugees, which has been incorporated into Mexican law.
In Honduras, for example, over children under age 18 were killed in the first half ofmost thought to be the victims of gang violence. For several of our interviews in Honduras, we arranged to interview children in other locations they and their parents chose.
Then they ran away. Mexico can provide appropriate care and protection to unaccompanied and separated children in a variety of ways, whether by housing children with families or in state or privately run facilities.
As a result of these and other risks to their lives and safety, children have been leaving these three countries, on their own and with family members, for years. The Number of Migrant Children in Mexico Accurate estimates of the population of migrant children in Mexico at any given time are difficult to make, but at least 20, unaccompanied children have entered the country each year since His right leg was punctured.
He showed the official a copy of the complaint he and his mother had filed. They detained him for 24 hours and then let him go. All 15 were kidnapped.
In addition, we interviewed over 30 staff members with nongovernmental organizations working with refugees and migrants in Mexico and returnees in Honduras. The police just told him to keep out of trouble. Nearly half of the children who spoke to Human Rights Watch told us that they chose to leave their homes to escape violence or because they were targeted by local gangs.
On paper, Mexican law and procedures reflect international standards in many respects. By law, Mexico offers protection to refugees as well as to others who would face risks to their lives or safety if returned to their countries of origin. How I crossed the border. Some children remained in immigration detention centers for a month or more, and those who exercise their right to appeal adverse decisions on their applications for refugee recognition might be held in immigration detention centers for six months or more.Summary.
Gang violence has plagued Central America’s “Northern Triangle” countries of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras for more than a decade.Download