Inadequate vocational skills training and a poor-quality education system have only worsened the skills deficit. In the long run, wages are much more flexible and structural factors explain more of the unemployment puzzle.
More specifically, within the areas where the workers live the statistical correlation between wages and unemployment rates is negative. Secondly, and crucially, the distinction between the short run and the long run explains some of the conflicting South african labour market policies from earlier empirical studies.
However, education often produces inequality.
From the data it appears that these correspond roughly to district councils. The policy debate on unemployment and wage flexibility needs to take these subtleties into account. Are urban leaders ready for this?
The current system is a significant barrier to job creation, and carries enormous cost for businesses and government. It is crucial to open up the market to allow a diversity of retail formats to flourish. Another labour market challenge is the crisis in collective bargaining. Resist the reduction of trade tariffs while promoting exports and combating illegal imports.
Who is to blame for these problems? Further analysis shows that this observed pattern is a combination of short-run and long-run processes that are very different in nature. Lastly, skills shortages within the labour force should be addressed.
It suggests that in the short-run there is no causal relationship between local labour market conditions and wages. Education is not a miracle cure and the fixation with its supposed healing powers may divert us from tackling our deeper problems.
It is remarkably similar to the pattern found in almost all countries in the world. In particular, it seeks to ascertain whether workers are willing to accept lower wages when the unemployment rate in the area where they live is high or whether workers are so protected by labour market legislation that they can demand high wages even if others are having difficulty finding jobs in their geographic vicinity i.
It is time for these practices to be formally recognised in law, thereby enabling small-scale informal mining to be developed whilst dealing with invasive mining as illegal.
Policies should protect informal growers and retailers from being swamped by large-scale agriculture and corporate retailers in rural markets. What should one then believe regarding the allegations of labour-market inflexibility and that excessive wage demands are a major cause of low employment growth?
Increase employment via the private sector.
These findings are not consistent with the view that wages are inflexible or that firms cannot readily adjust their workforces.
These factors have encouraged many employers in SA to opt for alternative, atypical forms of employment, such as employing workers through labour brokers. But the stable middle class may be much smaller than previously thought.
Comparative Economic Studies As the green curve in figure 2 shows, in the long run average wages tend to be significantly lower in areas where labour market conditions are persistently slack: The Harvard group of economists  concludes that youths have been priced out of the labour market Banerjee et al.
Introduction The inflexibility of the labour market has become a common scapegoat to explain the low rate of employment and the muted growth of especially small firms in South Africa. The innovations may come, but the people at the top of the income distribution will continue to capture nearly all of the gains.
What is required is a move away from the preoccupation with industry level bargaining in favour of re-introducing two-tier bargaining at both the industry and plant level.
Moreover, there has been poor leadership from government.
For unionized workers, high wages apparently co-exist with unemployment in the short run and likely contribute to such unemployment. Wage demands tend to be higher when local unemployment is lower. Public services can reach all the people who need them only if the more wealthy, who can pay their share, do.
This article originally appeared in the 3 March edition of finweek. But translating their research to the jungle of government policy making takes effort. Achieve sustained GDP growth of 5.that the South African labour market contributed toward the abolishment of apartheid, as certain labour market entities, in particular trade unions with and provides some policy recommendations.
Also, for the rest of the paper, OHSswillbereferredtoasOHS,OHS,etc.,whiletheLFSswillbe. Aug 21, · Accessible policy-relevant research and expert commentaries on unemployment, income distribution and inclusive growth in South Africa.
Labour market policies Creating jobs, reducing poverty V: Is ‘formalising’ the informal sector the answer? South Africa’s unemployment problem is well known. A major contributor to high unemployment in SA is the current state of labour market institutions and the regulatory environment.
In this context, several factors are to blame: a rigid labour market, the ongoing crisis in collective bargaining. Labour Reform in South Africa: Measuring Regulation and a Synthesis of Policy Suggestions and institutional framework is a highly contested policy issue in South Africa.
This paper, in trying to mature the debate on labour regulation and worker protection, has two regulation within the South African labour market.
3 2. Labour. This page provides insights into South Africa's labour market dynamics. Talking about ‘labour market inflexibility’ as a single concept as if there is one homogenous, national labour market in South Africa is misguided. First, to a large extent the labour market functions as a multitude of smaller, area-based or local labour .Download