The invention of writing and the earliest literatures summary

Frank Baum proposed writing a modern fairy tale that banished stereotypical elements he felt the genie, dwarf and fairy were stereotypes to avoid. This system was adopted by the Hebrews, and others. However, while Hayy lives alone with animals on the desert island for the rest of the story in Philosophus Autodidactus, the story of Kamil extends beyond the desert island setting in Theologus Autodidactus, developing into the earliest known coming of age plot and eventually becoming the first example of a science fiction novel.

Amir Arsalan was also a popular mythical Persian story, which has influenced some modern works of fantasy fiction, such as The Heroic Legend of Arslan. Rather than giving supernatural or mythological explanations for these events, Ibn al-Nafis attempted to explain these plot elements using the scientific knowledge of biologyastronomycosmology and geology known in his time.

Other Arabian Nights tales deal with lost ancient technologies, advanced ancient civilizations that went astray, and catastrophes which overwhelmed them.

At the same time Arabic and Persian began a slow decline in importance as the Islamic Golden Age ended.

The rise of Islam in the 7th century led to the rapid rise of Arabic as a major literary language in the region. The popularity of the work may in part be due to greater popular knowledge of history and geography since it was written. Before the Christian Era.

This script also heavily influenced the development of the cursive scripts of Greek, the Slavic languagesLatinand other languages[ citation needed ]. As a form of writing, Hieroglyphs developed what Sumerian cuneiform had not: The usual surmise is Jahweh, but for a long time the traditional English language version was Jehovah" 5.

In sum, storytelling was not an individual act, but a communal, or community activity. The invention of writing and the earliest literatures summary Phoenicians and Greeks The third and final writing system that is still in current use was developed by the Phoenicians, a Semitic trading people 5.

The main purpose in reiterating these same tales was not to reveal the plot, but instead, the purpose for telling the story was in the telling: The nature of the written word has recently evolved to include an informal, colloquial written style, in which an everyday conversation can occur through writing rather than speaking.

History of writing

Wooden tablets are found pictured on the monuments; but the material which was in common use, even from very ancient times, was the papyrus. These translations later inspired Daniel Defoe to write Robinson Crusoea candidate for the title of " first novel in English ".

The earliest inscriptions which are identifiably Maya date to the 3rd century BC, and writing was in continuous use until shortly after the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores in the 16th century AD.

Greek is in turn the source for all the modern scripts of Europe. The Arabic language also served to spread the Hindu—Arabic numeral system throughout Europe. Some people regard the growth of multimedia literacy as the first step towards a postliterate society.

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History of literature

This reed, found chiefly in Lower Egypt, had various economic means for writing, the pith was taken out, and divided by a pointed instrument into the thin pieces of which it is composed; it was then flattened by pressure, and the strips glued together, other strips being placed at right angles to them, so that a roll of any length might be manufactured.

Mesoamerican writing systems A stone slab with 3,year-old writing, the Cascajal Blockwas discovered in the Mexican state of Veracruz, and is an example of the oldest script in the Western Hemisphere, preceding the oldest Zapotec writing dated to about BC.

The revival of literary development in Western Europe led to many innovations in the Latin alphabet and the diversification of the alphabet to codify the phonologies of the various languages.

In the latter case there is this peculiarity, that plaster siclime or gypsum was used along with stone, a combination of materials which is illustrated by comparison of the practice of the Egyptian engravers, who, having first carefully smoothed the stone, filled up the faulty places with gypsum or cement, in order to obtain a perfectly uniform surface on which to execute their engravings.

This system spread throughout trade routes across the Mediterranean. The most widespread descendant of Greek is the Latin scriptnamed for the Latinsa central Italian people who came to dominate Europe with the rise of Rome.

The epic took form in the 10th century and reached its final form by the 14th century; the number and type of tales have varied from one manuscript to another. The tablets of the Chaldeans are among the most remarkable of their remains. Egyptian Hieroglyphs Wikipedia Again, only the professional scribe could decode the hieroglyphs.

Often the same stories were told over and over to entertain, enlighten, or educate. Renaissance and the modern era[ edit ] By the 14th century a rebirth, or renaissancehad emerged in Western Europe, leading to a temporary revival of the importance of Greek, and a slow revival of Latin as a significant literary language.

Due to the cultural dominance of the Roman state, the other Italic scripts have not survived in any great quantity, and the Etruscan language is mostly lost.

These scripts could only be read by experts, called scribes From Persian culture the book which would, eventually, become the most famous in the west is the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam.

This is a process that continues, and finally culminates in fantasy fiction having little connection, if any, to actual times and places. As the papyrus, being in great demand, and exported to all parts of the world, became very costly, other materials were often used instead of it, among which is mentioned leather, a few leather mills of an early period having been found in the tombs.

Writing seems to have become more widespread with the invention of papyrus in Egypt. After first writing right to left, like the Phoenicians, the Greeks eventually chose to write from left to right.

Particularly with the advent of digital technologies, namely the computer and the mobile phone, characters can be formed by the press of a button, rather than making a physical motion with the hand.The Invention of Writing and the. Earliest Literature And a Little About Gilgamesh.

stories and songs were transmitted orally from generation to generation.5/5(1). The Invention of Writing. The earliest form of writing was pictographs – symbols which represented objects – and served to aid in remembering such things as which parcels of grain had gone to which destination or how many sheep were needed for events like sacrifices in the temples.

These pictographs were impressed onto wet clay which. Pictographic Invention of Writing and Earliest Literature ( BC AD) Ancient Greece and the Formation of the Western Mind ( BC AD) Greece. English Reading Assignment 1. Summary notes on “The Invention of Writing and the Earliest Literatures” (Class handout) The Invention of Writing and the Earliest Literatures, Time Line, ; Introduction to The Epic of Gilgamesh.

The Invention of Writing and the Earliest Literature And a Little About Gilgamesh In the Beginning Before the invention of writing, stories and songs were transmitted.

The Benefits of Writing; Summary; Add to Add to Add to Want to watch this again later? the most important to our development was the invention of writing. Writing makes all our other.

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